In gleim gleim updating supplement for january 1986 Free adult chat tooms

09-Nov-2016 14:00

Hypocalcaemia, defined by serum calcium level less than 8.5 mg/dl, could be caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and diarrheal diseases.In Ethiopia, while morbidities from diarrheal diseases and HIV are serious health problems, studies assessing the interactions amongst of the three do not exist.However, studies assessing the interactions between diarrheal diseases, HIV and calcium metabolism do not exist.Consecutive diarrheic patients attending Gondar University Hospital in Ethiopia were enrolled.Concentration of calcium in serum was determined using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) (model 8500, Schimadzu, Tokyo, Japan), at Department of Analytical Chemistry, the University of Tokushima, Japan [ (Wako Pure Chemicals, Japan), the tube was heated on an aluminum heating block (IWAKI, Asahi Techno Glass, Japan) at 120°C for 5 h.The sample was further heated almost to dryness at 200°C after removing the teflon ball.Therefore, the present study was undertaken to investigate the level of calcium among diarrheic patients with and without HIV co-infection.species or intestinal parasites was not significantly different by the presence or absence of HIV co-infection.

All HIV-infected patients were naive to antiretroviral drugs at the time of data collection.

HIV infected diarrheic patients had significantly lower mean serum calcium levels (7.82 ± 1.23 mg/dl) than those negative for HIV (8.38 ± 1.97) (P = 0.015).

The age groups 25–35 and greater than 45 years showed significantly lower mean serum calcium levels (7.77 ± 1.55 mg/dl) in comparison to the other age groups (7.84 ± 1.41 mg/dl, P = 0.009).

Finally, the residue was dissolved with 2 ml of 0.1 M HNO which contained 10 ng/ml internal standard elements (In, Re and Tl).

The diluted serum solution was used for analysis of the calcium in ICP-MS.

All HIV-infected patients were naive to antiretroviral drugs at the time of data collection.HIV infected diarrheic patients had significantly lower mean serum calcium levels (7.82 ± 1.23 mg/dl) than those negative for HIV (8.38 ± 1.97) (P = 0.015).The age groups 25–35 and greater than 45 years showed significantly lower mean serum calcium levels (7.77 ± 1.55 mg/dl) in comparison to the other age groups (7.84 ± 1.41 mg/dl, P = 0.009).Finally, the residue was dissolved with 2 ml of 0.1 M HNO which contained 10 ng/ml internal standard elements (In, Re and Tl).The diluted serum solution was used for analysis of the calcium in ICP-MS.Patients with hyperparathyroidism and other known calcium metabolism disorders were excluded from the analysis.].